Comprehensive Assessment of Full-face Helmet Utilization in Preventing Head and Neck Injury in Motorcycle Accidents : A Systematic Review

Main Article Content

John Thomas Rayhan Huwae
Emanuel Hananto

Abstract

Introduction: Morbidity and mortality due to motorcycle accidents are still becoming a major problem that cannot be solved. A common cause of deaths in motorcycle road accidents is due to head-facial and neck injuries. One of the simple ways to overcome this problem is using a helmet, but the types of helmet that confer the best protection is not specified. This review aimed to evaluate the best type of helmet in reducing mortality and morbidity rate due to head-facial and cervical trauma.


Material and Methods: A Systematic review evaluating the most prominent helm in conferring protection was carried out using PRISMA statement guidelines. Studies search were conducted using search engine ScienceDirect, ProQuest, and PUBMED database with criterion papers published in English between 2009 to 2019 and comparing full face, partial face, and open face helmet effectivity in conferring protection. Appraisal tools of selected studies using Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine (CEBM) appraisal tools.


Result and Discussion : From the search, 1477 studies were identified and finally obtained 8 studies that fulfill the criterion. Studies are organized according to comparison of a full-face helmet with partial face helmet and full-face helmet with partial face helmet. Studies show that full-face helmet gives significant protection against head-facial and cervical injury. However, because many of the study criteria are not uniformed, the need for further study with better quality is a must.


Conclusion : Full-face helmet reduces head-facial and neck injuries better than other helmets in motorcycle accidents thus reducing the morbidity and mortality rate.

Article Details

How to Cite
Hakim, D. I., Huwae, J. T. R. . and Hananto, E. . (2023) “Comprehensive Assessment of Full-face Helmet Utilization in Preventing Head and Neck Injury in Motorcycle Accidents : A Systematic Review”, Journal of Asian Medical Students’ Association. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 10(1). Available at: https://jamsa.amsa-international.org/index.php/main/article/view/184 (Accessed: 21May2024).
Section
Review and Meta-analysis

References

1. World Health Organization. Global action plan on physical activity 2018-2030: more active people for a healthier world. World Health Organization; 2019 Jan 21.
2. Djaja S, Widyastuti R, Tobing K, Lasut D, Irianto J. Situasi Kecelakaan Lalu Lintas Di Indonesia, Tahun 2010-2014. Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan. 2016 Jul 6;15(1):30-42.
3. Faduyile F, Emiogun F, Soyemi S, Oyewole O, Okeke U, Williams O. Pattern of injuries in fatal motorcycle accidents seen in Lagos State University teaching hospital: an autopsy-based study. Open access Macedonian journal of medical sciences. 2017 Apr 15;5(2):112.
4. Liu BC, Ivers R, Norton R, Boufous S, Blows S, Lo SK. Helmets for preventing injury in motorcycle riders. Cochrane database of systematic reviews. 2008(1).
5. Goniewicz K, Goniewicz M, Pawłowski W, Fiedor P. Road accident rates: strategies and programmes for improving road traffic safety. European journal of trauma and emergency surgery. 2016 Aug 1;42(4):433-8.
6. Indonesia. Undang-undang RI No. 14 Tahun 1992 Tentang Lalu-lintas dan Angkutan Jalan. VisiMedia; 2009.
7. Lam C, Lin MR, Chu SF, Tsai SH, Bai CH, Chiu WT. The effect of various types of motorcycle helmets on cervical spine injury in head injury patients: a multicenter study in Taiwan. BioMed research international. 2015;2015.
8. Ramli R, Oxley J, Hillard P, Sadullah AF, McClure R. The effect of motorcycle helmet type, components and fixation status on facial injury in Klang Valley, Malaysia: a case control study. BMC emergency medicine. 2014 Dec;14(1):17.
9. Cini MA, Prado BG, de Fragas Hinnig P, Fukushima WY, Adami F. Influence of type of helmet on facial trauma in motorcycle accidents. British journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery. 2014 Nov 1;52(9):789-92.
10. Brewer BL, Diehl III AH, Johnson LS, Salomone JP, Wilson KL, Atallah HY, Feliciano DV, Rozycki GS. Choice of motorcycle helmet makes a difference: a prospective observational study. Journal of trauma and acute care surgery. 2013 Jul 1;75(1):88-91.
11. Erhardt T, Rice T, Troszak L, Zhu M. Motorcycle helmet type and the risk of head injury and neck injury during motorcycle collisions in California. Accident Analysis & Prevention. 2016 Jan 1;86:23-8.
12. Albuquerque CE, Arcanjo FP, Cristino-Filho G, Lopes-Filho AM, de Almeida PC, Prado R, Pereira-Stabile CL. How safe is your motorcycle helmet?. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 2014 Mar 1;72(3):542-9.
13. Yu WY, Chen CY, Chiu WT, Lin MR. Effectiveness of different types of motorcycle helmets and effects of their improper use on head injuries. International journal of epidemiology. 2011 Mar 9;40(3):794-803.
14. Sung KM, Noble J, Kim SC, Jeon HJ, Kim JY, Do HH, Park SO, Lee KR, Baek KJ. The preventive effect of head injury by helmet type in motorcycle crashes: a rural Korean single-center observational study. BioMed research international. 2016;2016.