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Type IV diaphragmatic hernia is a rare case which has various clinical manifestations. The clinical manifestations as a result of protruded organ towards thoracic cavity in diaphragmatic hernia are varied from gastrointestinal symptoms such as epigastric pain, dysphagia and acid reflux. However, in a rare occasion, dyspnea may present as a result of compression atelectasis due to excessive increased in intrathoracic pressure. Here, we report a 57-year-old male patient who had spontaneous diaphragmatic hernia admitted with dyspnea as a chief complaint. This report might add another perspective to the physicians in facing the patient with atelectasis as the result of a high level of lung compression secondary to type IV diaphragmatic hernia.
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