Main Article Content
BACKGROUND: From 2011 to 2014, there were 866 cases of non-melanoma skin cancer and 107 cases of melanoma skin cancer that had been documented by the Philippines Dermatological Society. Despite its low incidence, the disease is fatal yet addressable by applying sun-protective behaviors. this study aims to determine the behaviors towards Sun Protection among patients seen in the Department of Dermatology Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the behaviors towards Sun Protection among patients using Readiness to Alter Sun-Protective Behaviour Questionnaire (RASP-B) in the Department of Dermatology in Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center.
METHODS: A descriptive, cross sectional study, was conducted among Filipino adult patients consulting at the Department of Dermatology of Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center Out Patient Department. Readiness to alter sun-protective behavior (RASP-B), a 12-item questionnaire originally developed by Borschmann, was translated and validated for use in the study.
RESULTS: A total of 278 respondents participated in the study. Majority of the patients were already in the action state. There were more males in the precontemplation and action state. Sex, civil status, and body mass index were found to be not associated with the state of change of the participants.
CONCLUSION: The feasibility and validity of using a translated version of the RASP-B questionnaire in Filipino language to determine the readiness to change sun-protective behaviors among Filipino adult patients was assessed in this study. Findings revealed that a majority of the respondents were already in the action stage and only a few were still on the precontemplation stage, which are findings that are far from what is expected.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
© Journal of Asian Medical Students’ Association (JAMSA). Released under a Creative Commons license.
Types of skin Cancer. 2018. Available on: https://www.aad.org/public/spot-skin-cancer
World Health Organization. Skin cancers. 2019. Available on: https://www.who.int/uv/faq/skincancer.html
Philippine Dermatological Society Health Information Systems. Philippine Dermatological Society. c2011 [updated April 8, 2015; cited April 24,2016.]
Rollnick S, Heather N, Gold R, Hall W. Development of a short ‘readiness to change’ questionnaire for use in brief, opportunistic interventions among excessive drinkers. Br J Addict 2012;87:743–54
Prochaska J, DiClemente C. Transtheoretical therapy: toward a more integrated model of change. Psychother Theory Res Pract 2012;20:161–73.
Prochaska J. Strong and weak principles for progressing from precontemplation to action on the basis of twelve problem behaviors. Health Psychol, 2014;13(1):47–51.
Borschmann RD, Cottrell D. Developing the readiness to alter sun-protective behaviour questionnaire (RASP-B). Cancer Epidemiology (2009), doi:10.1016/j.canep.2009.09.003
Velicier W, Hughes S, Fava J, Prochaska J. An empirical typology of subjects within stages of change. Addict Behav 2015;20(3):299–320.