A Validation Study Of Behaviors Towards Sun Protection Among Filipino Using Filipino-Translated Version Of Readiness To Alter Sun-Protective Behaviour Questionnaire (RASP-B)
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BACKGROUND: From 2011 to 2014, there were 866 cases of non-melanoma skin cancer and 107 cases of melanoma skin cancer that had been documented by the Philippines Dermatological Society. Despite its low incidence, the disease is fatal yet addressable by applying sun-protective behaviors. this study aims to determine the behaviors towards Sun Protection among patients seen in the Department of Dermatology Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center.
OBJECTIVE: To determine the behaviors towards Sun Protection among patients using Readiness to Alter Sun-Protective Behaviour Questionnaire (RASP-B) in the Department of Dermatology in Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center.
METHODS: A descriptive, cross sectional study, was conducted among Filipino adult patients consulting at the Department of Dermatology of Ospital ng Maynila Medical Center Out Patient Department. Readiness to alter sun-protective behavior (RASP-B), a 12-item questionnaire originally developed by Borschmann, was translated and validated for use in the study.
RESULTS: A total of 278 respondents participated in the study. Majority of the patients were already in the action state. There were more males in the precontemplation and action state. Sex, civil status, and body mass index were found to be not associated with the state of change of the participants.
CONCLUSION: The feasibility and validity of using a translated version of the RASP-B questionnaire in Filipino language to determine the readiness to change sun-protective behaviors among Filipino adult patients was assessed in this study. Findings revealed that a majority of the respondents were already in the action stage and only a few were still on the precontemplation stage, which are findings that are far from what is expected.
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