Main Article Content
Background: The risk of a traveller for contracting a travel-related disease is not only depending on one’s destination of travel or planned activities, but also on the traveller’s personal risk profile. The aim of this study is to determine the travellers’ knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) on prevention of Travel-related diseases and to evaluate patterns of disease of travel-related disease in Indonesia.
Methods: A cross-sectional, multicenter questionnaire-based study was conducted at 6 Indonesian International airports and other several cities all across Indonesia between January and April 2014. Questionnaires were randomly distributed at the departure gate of Indonesian airports while passengers were waiting to board. Data collected then statistically analyzed with univariate and bivariate analysis.
Results: A total of 450 questionnaires were received, of which 423 fulfilled the entry criteria and were included in the final analysis. Main reasons for travels are tourism, business, study, religious reason, working abroad as labors. Most of respondents travel with no company, while others are in group, with friends, and others. Overall, 64.5% of respondents travelled to high risk destination and the rest are travelled to low risk destination. Overall knowledge, attitude, practice scores mean was 82.67, 80, and 72.25 out of 100, respectively.Conclusion: This research provides description about personal risk profile of Indonesian international travelers as a scientific basis to evaluate patterns of disease of travel-related disease in Indonesia. This report may be used to form recommendations for Indonesian travellers and health-care providers involved in travel medicine.
© Journal of Asian Medical Students’ Association (JAMSA). Released under a Creative Commons license.
Center for Disease Control. Surveillance for Travel-Related Disease-GeoSentinel Surveillance System, United States 2013; 62(3).
Center for Disease Control. The Yellow Book: CDC Health Information for International Travel. 2014.
Crockett, M., Keystone, J. “I Hate Needles” and Other Factors Impacting on Travel Vaccine Uptake. J Travel Med. 2005; 12(1), 4146.
Heywood, A. E., Zhang, M., MacIntyre, C. R., et al. Travel Risk Behaviours and Uptake of Pre-Travel Health Preventions by University Students in Australia. BMC Infectious Diseases, 2012;12, 43
Hill, D. R. Health Problems in A Large Cohort of Americans Traveling to Developing Countries. J Travel Med. 2000; 7, 259–66.
Steffen, R., Rickenbach, M., Wilhelm, U., et al. Health Problems After Travel to Developing Countries. J Infect Dis. 1987; 156, 84–91.
Van Genderen, P. J. J., Van Thiel, P. P., Mulder, P. G. H., et al. Trends in The Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Travel Risk Groups towards Prevention of Malaria: Results from The Dutch Schiphol Airport Survey 2002 To 2009. Malaria Journal, 2012; 11, 179
Van Herck, K., Castelli, F., Zuckerman, J., et al. Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices in Travel-related Infectious Diseases: The European Airport Survey. J Travel Med. 2004; 11, 3–8.
Van Herck, K., Zuckerman, J., Castelli, F., et al. Travelers’ Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices on Prevention of Infectious Diseases: Results from a Pilot Study. J Travel Med. 2003; 10, 75–78.
Wilder-Smith,A., Khairullah, N. S., Song, J. H., et al. Travel Health Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices among Australasian Travelers. J Travel Med. 2004; 11(1), 9-15.
World Health Organization. Advocacy, communication and social mobilization for TB control: a guide to developing knowledge, attitude and practice surveys. 2008.
World Health Organization. Health risks and precautions: General considerations. International Travel and Health Situation. Switzerland. 2009.
World Health Organization. (2009). Vaccine-preventable Diseases and Vaccines. International Travel and Health Situation. 2009; 95-145.