Improving Hip Fracture Recovery in Elderly Patients Through Telerehabilitation: A Double-Blinded Randomised Controlled Trial

Main Article Content

Elizabeth
Brian
Satoshi
Yan Yin
Ananya
Stephanie

Abstract

Introduction


20% of post-surgery discharged geriatric hip-fracture patients are readmitted within 28 days, mostly due to recurrent falls, posing a great healthcare burden. Rehabilitation is essential for restoring mobility and improving quality of life. However, traditional in-person rehabilitation programs are challenging for those with limited mobility or transportation options. Telerehabilitation, which utilises technology to strengthen rehabilitation in remote patients is a potential solution. This study investigates the effectiveness of caretaker-empowered home-based geriatric post-hip fracture telerehabilitation.


 


Method 


In this 2-arm, parallel, single-blinded randomised controlled trial, patients who met the inclusion criteria (suffer from hip fractures, age >65 years, with caretakers, discharged home after fixation or replacement surgeries) were randomised into two groups - control (undergoing standard rehabilitation) and intervention (undergoing telerehabilitation). Outcomes were assessed at baseline and primary endpoint (28 days after baseline) based on the Timed Up and Go (TUG) test (primary outcome), EQ-5D-5L and Parker Mobility score (secondary outcomes).


 


Results 


Among the 29 patients recruited and randomised, 18 were followed up at Day 28. Comparing the intervention group (n=9) and the control group (n=9), both groups showed statistically significant (P<.05) within-group improvements from baseline to day 28 in both the primary (Control: 55.8 vs 36.2, P=.001*; intervention: 91.3 vs 68.4, P=.001) and secondary outcomes (Control: 13.2 vs 10.3 , P=.007; intervention: 14.1 vs 10.7, P=0.048). Moreover, the intervention group showed more significant improvements in both mobility and quality of living, reflected by the differences in baseline and post-intervention TUG results (intervention: 22.8 vs control: 19.6) and EQ-5D-5L score (intervention: 3.4 vs control: 2.9). 


 


Conclusion 


This still ongoing study demonstrated that caregiver-empowered telerehabilitation is effective in restoring mobility and improving quality of life in post-hip fracture elderly patients. More evidence is required to establish telerehabilitation’s efficacy. 


 


Keywords 


Hip fracture, telerehabilitation, caregiver empowerment

Article Details

How to Cite
Lam, E. T. C., Xie , X. B., Yoshida , S., Yip, Y. Y., Jain, A. and Tang, H. Y. S. (2023) “Improving Hip Fracture Recovery in Elderly Patients Through Telerehabilitation: A Double-Blinded Randomised Controlled Trial”, Journal of Asian Medical Students’ Association. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Available at: https://jamsa.amsa-international.org/index.php/main/article/view/628 (Accessed: 21May2024).
Section
Scientific Papers (AMSC 2023 Taiwan)

References

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